The Changing Face of Pakistan’s Economic Relations with India and Bangladesh: Prospects and Challenges

Abstract

Historic links, economic interactions and geostrategic interests make Pakistan, India and Bangladesh vital to one another. The geographic conditions, economic interactions, trade links, ethnocultural proximity and historical linkages provide a plethora of opportunities for close, cordial and cooperative relations among the three countries. This study discusses the current rebirth of economic relations between Pakistan and India and the shift of Pakistani investors to Bangladesh. The extant literature presents a profound discussion on the political, geographical, historical, economic and legal relationships between these countries. However, this paper addresses some other theoretical and economic aspects, such as investors’ behaviour towards investment, and financial integration, which are imperative where economic and trade ties are concerned. The paper employs the archival method of reviewing related literature (theoretical and empirical) and organising and presenting some questions for future investigation.

Key Words:
Pak\-India trade, Pak\-Bangla trade, investors’ behaviour, financial integration, prospects and challenges, Mohammed Ali Jinnah, Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, World Trade Organisation, South Asia Free Trade Area

Authors: Irfan Ahmed & Javeria Shabbir

The Round Table: The Commonwealth Journal of International Affairs, 2014
DOI:10.1080/00358533.2014.918728

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Search Engine Optimization: Evidence from Pakistan

Abstract

This study has two objectives. The first objective is to investigate firm exploitation of search engine optimisation (SEO) techniques with respect to website traffic. The second objective is to report on the searching habits of Internet users. This study uses a qualitative descriptive approach that analyses 15 different case studies of business to business (B2B) and business to consumer (B2C) companies. These companies include nine banks, four telecommunication companies and two automotive companies. The in-depth, semi-structured interviews were administered by telephone and/or personal interviews. Additionally, a questionnaire-based survey was administered to Internet users to determine their web use and searching habits. The results demonstrate that firms are currently exploiting SEO at a limited level, that the use of social media is rare and that firms do not consider users' searching habits. This study also reveals that 84% of web users spend up to two hours daily searching the Internet. The dominant search engine (i.e., the engine used by 90% of users) is Google. The use of social sites such as Facebook, Twitter, MySpace and Orkut is high among users (i.e., 85%). This study highlights the opportunities that SEO provides to companies with respect to the use of their corporate website as a strategic marketing tool.

Authors: Irfan Ahmed, Rana Khurram Shahzad, Kashif-ur-Rehman and Javeria Shabbir

Asian Academy of Management Journal, Vol.18, NO. 2, 1–16, 2013.

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Emerging Trends of Financial Markets Integration: Evidence from Pakistan

ABSTRACT

This study investigates extensively the integration of various segments of financial markets (i.e. money market, lending and deposit market, exchange rate market, and capital market) both domestically and internationally. Cointegration approach is employed in the study to find out long term relationship among the variables. Data are on a monthly interval for the period spreads over 2001 to 2010. The results show no evidence of cointegration between money market and exchange rate market and between capital market and exchange rate market of Pakistan. On the other hand, international financial markets integration is also investigated and the findings revealed that domestic money market rates of Pakistan and USA are not cointegrated. Whereas, an evidence of cointegration between capital markets of Pakistan and USA is found in this study.

Keywords: Financial Integration; Money Market; Capital Market; Exchange Rate Market; Cointegration.

Author: Irfan Ahmed

Journal of Asian Finance, Economics and Business Vol. 1 No.1 (2014) 15-21.

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Iqra Research World: Reference Styles

Iqra Research World: Reference Styles: Researchers need to submit their research paper in a journal for publication. The manuscript must be in a particular format. Every journal ...

Iqra Research World: Journals

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JCR Journals - Science


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COUNTRY
8345
XENOBIOTICA
ENGLAND
8346
XENOTRANSPLANTATION
DENMARK
8347
X-RAY SPECTROMETRY
ENGLAND
8348
YAKHTEH
IRAN
8349
YAKUGAKU ZASSHI-JOURNAL OF THE PHARMACEUTICAL SOCIETY
OF JAPAN 
JAPAN
8350
YEARBOOK OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY
UNITED STATES
8351
YEAST
ENGLAND
8352
YONAGO ACTA MEDICA
JAPAN
8353
YONSEI MEDICAL JOURNAL
SOUTH KOREA
8354
ZAMM-ZEITSCHRIFT FUR ANGEWANDTE MATHEMATIK
UND MECHANIK 
GERMANY
8355
ZDRAVNISKI VESTNIK-SLOVENIAN MEDICAL JOURNAL
SLOVENIA
8356
ZEBRAFISH
UNITED STATES
8357
ZEITSCHRIFT DER DEUTSCHEN GESELLSCHAFT FUR
GEOWISSENSCHAFTEN 
GERMANY
8358
ZEITSCHRIFT FUR ANALYSIS UND IHRE ANWENDUNGEN
GERMANY
8359
ZEITSCHRIFT FUR ANGEWANDTE MATHEMATIK UND PHYSIK
SWITZERLAND
8360
ZEITSCHRIFT FUR ANORGANISCHE UND ALLGEMEINE CHEMIE
GERMANY
8361
ZEITSCHRIFT FUR ARZNEI- & GEWURZPFLANZEN
GERMANY
8362
ZEITSCHRIFT FUR GASTROENTEROLOGIE
GERMANY
8363
ZEITSCHRIFT FUR GEBURTSHILFE UND NEONATOLOGIE
GERMANY
8364
ZEITSCHRIFT FUR GEOMORPHOLOGIE
GERMANY
8365
ZEITSCHRIFT FUR GERONTOLOGIE UND GERIATRIE
GERMANY
8366
ZEITSCHRIFT FUR KRISTALLOGRAPHIE
GERMANY
8367
ZEITSCHRIFT FUR KRISTALLOGRAPHIE-NEW CRYSTAL STRUCTURES
GERMANY
8368
ZEITSCHRIFT FUR MEDIZINISCHE PHYSIK
GERMANY
8369
ZEITSCHRIFT FUR NATURFORSCHUNG SECTION A-A JOURNAL
OF PHYSICAL SCIENCES 
GERMANY
8370
ZEITSCHRIFT FUR NATURFORSCHUNG SECTION B-A
JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL SCIENCES 
GERMANY
8371
ZEITSCHRIFT FUR NATURFORSCHUNG SECTION C-A
JOURNAL OF BIOSCIENCES 
GERMANY
8372
ZEITSCHRIFT FUR NEUROPSYCHOLOGIE
GERMANY
8373
ZEITSCHRIFT FUR ORTHOPADIE UND UNFALLCHIRURGIE
GERMANY
8374
ZEITSCHRIFT FUR PHYSIKALISCHE CHEMIE-INTERNATIONAL
JOURNAL OF RESEARCH IN P 
GERMANY
8375
ZEITSCHRIFT FUR PSYCHOSOMATISCHE MEDIZIN UND
PSYCHOTHERAPIE 
GERMANY
8376
ZEITSCHRIFT FUR RHEUMATOLOGIE
GERMANY
8377
ZEMDIRBYSTE-AGRICULTURE
LITHUANIA
8378
ZENTRALBLATT FUR CHIRURGIE
GERMANY
8379
ZHURNAL NEVROLOGII I PSIKHIATRII IMENI S S KORSAKOVA
RUSSIA
8380
ZHURNAL OBSHCHEI BIOLOGII
RUSSIA
8381
ZHURNAL VYSSHEI NERVNOI DEYATELNOSTI IMENI I P PAVLOVA
RUSSIA
8382
ZKG INTERNATIONAL
GERMANY
8383
ZOO BIOLOGY
UNITED STATES
8384
ZOOKEYS
BULGARIA
8385
ZOOLOGIA
BRAZIL
8386
ZOOLOGICA SCRIPTA
ENGLAND
8387
ZOOLOGICAL JOURNAL OF THE LINNEAN SOCIETY
ENGLAND
8388
ZOOLOGICAL SCIENCE
JAPAN
8389
ZOOLOGICAL STUDIES
TAIWAN
8390
ZOOLOGICHESKY ZHURNAL
RUSSIA
8391
ZOOLOGISCHER ANZEIGER
GERMANY
8392
ZOOLOGY
GERMANY
8393
ZOOLOGY IN THE MIDDLE EAST
GERMANY
8394
ZOOMORPHOLOGY
GERMANY
8395
ZOONOSES AND PUBLIC HEALTH
GERMANY
8396
ZOOSYSTEMA
FRANCE
8397
ZOOTAXA
NEW ZEALAND
8398
ZUCHTUNGSKUNDE
GERMANY
8399
ZYGOTE
UNITED STATES
8400
ZYWNOSC-NAUKA TECHNOLOGIA JAKOSC
POLAND
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